Argonne National Laboratory Nuclear Engineering Division

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Vulnerability Assessment Team (VAT)


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Seals References

  • RG Johnston and JS Warner, "How to Choose and Use Seals", Argonne National Laboratory Report APT-71708, January, 2012.
  • JS Warner and RG Johnston, “Chirping Tag and Seal”, Proceedings of the 51st INMM Meeting, Baltimore, MD, July 11-15, 2010.
  • RG Johnston, EC Michaud, and JS Warner, “The Security of Urine Drug Testing”, Journal of Drug Issues, 39(4) 1015-1028 (2009).
  • RG Johnston, “New Research on Tamper-Indicating Seals”, International Utilities Revenue Protection Association News, 16(1), 17-18 (2006).
  • RG Johnston, “The ‘Anti-Evidence’ Approach to Tamper-Detection”, Packaging, Transport, Storage & Security of Radioactive Material 16(2), 135-143 (2005).
  • RG Johnston, JS Warner, ARE Garcia, et al., "Nuclear Safeguards and Security:  We Can Do Better", Paper 1009, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, September 4-8, 2005, Glasgow, Scotland.
  • RG Johnston, "Tamper-Indicating Seals: Practices, Problems, and Standards", United Nations Economic and Social Council, April 15, 2003
  • RG Johnston, ARE Garcia, AN Pacheco, RK Martinez, JS Warner, and SJ Trujillo, “New Approaches to Tamper and Intrusion Detection for Safeguards and Treaty Monitoring”, Proceedings of the 44th INMM Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, July 13-17, 2003.
  • RG Johnston, ARE Garcia, and AN Pacheco, “Improved Security Via ‘Town Crier’ Monitoring”, Proceedings of Waste Management ’03, Tucson, AZ, February 24-27, 2003
  • RG Johnston, ARE Garcia, AN Pacheco, SJ Trujillo, RK Martinez, DD Martinez, & LN Lopez, “Improving Tamper Detection for Hazardous Waste Security”, Proceedings of Waste Management ’03, Tucson, AZ, Feb 24-27, 2003, 
  • RG Johnston, “Testing Tamper-Indicating Seals”, Security Business Practices 5, 15 (2002).
  • RG Johnston, ARE Garcia, and AN Pacheco, “The ‘Town Crier’ Approach to Monitoring”, International Journal of Radioactive Material Transport 13(2), 117-126 (2002).
  • RG Johnston, "Tamper-Indicating Seals for Nuclear Disarmament and Hazardous Waste Management", Science and Global Security 9, 93-112 (2001)
  • RG Johnston, DD Martinez, and ARE Garcia, "Were Ancient Seals Secure?", Antiquity 75, 299-305 (2001).
  • RG Johnston, "Tamper Detection for Safeguards and Treaty Monitoring: Fantasies, Realities, and Potentials", Nonproliferation Review 8, 102-115, (2001).
  • RG Johnston and ARE Garcia, "An Annotated Taxonomy of Tag and Seal Vulnerabilities", Journal of Nuclear Materials Management 229, 23-30 (2000).
  • RG Johnston, "Tamper Detection Requires Dedication", Metering International, Issue 3, Fall 1999
  • RG Johnston, et al. (1999),  “DoD Training Course for Effective Seal Use” (Naval Facilities Engineering Services Center, Port Hueneme, CA)
  • RG Johnston, "The Real Deal on Seals", Security Management 41, 93-100 (1997).
  • RG Johnston and ARE Garcia, "Simple, Low-Cost Ways to Dramatically Improve the Security of Tags and Seals", Proceedings of the IAEA Symposium on International Safeguards, Vienna, Austria, October 13-17, 1997.
  • RG Johnston and ARE Garcia, "Vulnerability Assessment of Security Seals", Journal of Security Administration 20, 15-27 (1997).
  • RG Johnston, "Effective Vulnerability Assessment of Tamper-Indicating Seals", Journal of Testing and Evaluation 25, 451-455 (1997).
  • RG Johnston, ARE Garcia, and WK Grace, “Vulnerability Assessment of Passive Tamper-Indicating Seals”, Journal of Nuclear Materials Management 224, 24-29 (1995).

Last Modified: Tue, October 1, 2013 11:44 AM



VAT Papers

For a selection of VAT papers available upon request, see Publications.

For copies of the VAT papers and presentations on a wide variety of physical security issues (tags, seals, product counterfeiting, vulnerability assessments, RFIDs, GPS, nuclear safeguards), contact Roger Johnston at

Inquiries about the Journal of Physical Security should be addressed to:

Recently added to
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Physical Security Maxims

Devil’s Dictionary of Security Terms

For more information:

Vulnerability Assessment Section
Sect. Manager: Roger G. Johnston, Ph.D., CPP
Fax: +1 630-252-7323

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Vulnerability Assessments Section
Jon Warner
Fax: +1 630-252-7323


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