Advanced Computation & Visualization
Transportation Technologies Studies
Transportation plays an essential role in the U.S. economy, and helping to improve the transportation safety and energy efficiency is an important objective of the Argonne Center for Transportation Research. Researchers in the NE Division are using advanced computer modeling and high performance computing technologies to simulate and analyze various accident scenarios which can challenge the vehicle integrity and the safety of passengers. They are also studying the underhood thermal management and its impact on advanced vehicle fuel efficiency.
Vehicle crashworthiness is an active research area within the NE Division.
The focus has been on the development of numerical tools, such as the IMPACT21
finite element structural analysis code for the simulation of the crash event.
We have also developed virtual reality (VR) tools to dynamically display these
simulations. A collaborative project between the National Crash Analysis Center (NCAC) at George Washington University (GWU) and the NE Division involved displaying
the results of vehicle crash simulations performed by GWU in the NE's VR environment.
The model of the vehicle used in simulations included an airbag and driver. The
corresponding finite element model consisted of 47856 elements and 49574 nodes.
Underhood Thermal Management
Next-generation automobiles need to meet stringent government standards
for emissions and fuel economy. Increased attention has been turned
towards high performance computing and simulation as tools to enable engine
designers to reach these goals. In addition, these future vehicles
will have expensive electronics modules for controlling vehicle behavior
in response to road conditions and driving style. A novel issue in
the design of these vehicles will be locating these modules away from extreme
heat. Using advanced computational fluid dynamics tools, Argonne scientists created a virtual
wind-tunnel simulating the complex interactions between exterior aerodynamics and underhood thermal-hydrodynamic
phenomena. The underhood model shown is from a 3 million-cell computation
using STAR-CD on the IBM SP computer system. The results of these calculations were
visualized by using color coding of the temperature fields and three-dimensional particle tracking
for the air velocity field.
Last Modified: Mon, September 13, 2010 5:05 PM